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Do you have a terrace or a garden strongly exposed to the winds or live in a region by the sea, and you have no desire to give up the pleasure of offering yourself pretty plantations? Follow our advice for landscaping your exterior! Creating a garden in full wind may seem an insurmountable challenge… And yet, it is enough to respect a few rules, to choose the most suitable species and everything is possible! It will first be a question of knowing where the prevailing wind comes from to better tame it. Provide protection, a hedge, a screen if necessary but above all make sure to choose resistant plants. A quick overview to brave the elements ...
Shelter your green corner
The effect of the wind is destructive on plants. In addition to the obvious risks of breakage due to violent gusts, the wind dries up the soil and leaves which can even be burned in summer. In winter, the wind lowers the temperature and makes the risk of frost even greater. The wind thus amplifies the effects of cold and heat. In short, for any gardener, the wind is a formidable enemy. We can thus consider putting its plantations under cover, behind a protective screen. The ideal: a hedge of plants made up of trees, shrubs and bushes, hardwoods and evergreens, which has the advantage of filtering the wind without stopping it completely unlike a hard obstacle like a wall that strengthens the power of the wind. Because bypassing the obstacle, the wind creates a very disturbed area just behind. Devastating effect guaranteed! We therefore favor a protective hedge made up of certain trees and shrubs that are well adapted and whose foliage will undulate wonderfully in the wind without suffering from it. To ensure a windbreak effect in all seasons, the ideal is to choose evergreen species. It is a matter of common sense ! And of course, take the climate and soil of your region into account when planting suitable plants. For very exposed areas, some tall trees like alder, cypress, hornbeam or strawberry tree can be planted alongside smaller shrubs like privet, Japanese charcoal and of course boxwood and l 'if which, cut, will have the advantage of combining efficiency and aesthetics. Indeed, when the large trees develop, their foliage is higher and higher, they lose their low branches hence the need for smaller shrubs to provide protection at ground level.
Don't forget the flowering hedges - forsythia, lilac or oleander (if the weather allows it) - that will brighten up your windbreak. In order to ensure optimal protection, we can consider planting 2 hedges in parallel. A first hedge as a fence then a second which will more specifically house a corner of the garden, a vegetable patch, a terrace ... The most resistant species will be installed on the first line, thus protecting the most fragile. The tight plants will be ideally staggered. Note: the protected distance is proportional to the height of the hedge (about 10 times the height). On the other hand, in case of strong exposure to the wind, it is sometimes necessary to use stakes placed along the stem on the side of the prevailing wind.
Species against all odds
These include the classic conifers such as cypresses, chamaecyparis or thuja, adapted with their dense foliage. Eleagnus are also perfectly recommended, especially by the sea. Bamboos can also be staggered, but we will preferably choose species with small leaves that are not likely to be torn. In the category of shrubs, the choice is vast: heather, boxwood, Japanese quince, dogwood, fuchsia, broom, St. John's wort, privet and of course the magnificent tamarisk, especially by the sea. Also waving grasses wonderfully legitimately find their place: angel hair or New Zealand linen will be able to withstand the gusts! Make way for the perennials that will cover the ground: lavender, valerian, sea lilac, lavatera, blueberry, spurge, sage ... A non-exhaustive list that should reassure the most doubtful gardeners. Good luck !